The Chief is 49 in 1985

 Today, as I was going through some old newspapers, I came across the picture of one of Papua New Guinea’s great leaders – Mr. Micheal Somare. He was the first PNG Prime Minister and one of the founding leaders of PNG’s independence journey way back in 1975.

What took be aback from this picture was of how young he looked when he turned 49. The picture appeared on the front page of the Post Courier on Tuesday, April 9th, 1985.

Logitech R400

This particular PowerPoint presenter device (Logitech R400) has been helping me teach for the past five years. When it went kaput, I wanted to find someone to help me fix it since I had no idea about IT stuff.


Thinking about what to do with the device

Remember that failure is an event, not a person

Zig Ziglar

 But the internet provided the solution. People around the world share how they fix things and post it on forums and discussion pages online. I found such a site and followed instructions using a kitchen knife, opened the device and fixed the tiny switch. Now the device is working again.

Incentives can affect behaviour

Today I talked to my students about how incentives can influence health behaviour.

Since we were talking about health economics this semester, one of the key principles to remember when studying basic economics is that incentives can promote behaviour. The basic definition of incentives here is that it is a reward or a punishment that induces or encourages someone to act.

While we talked about the Free health care policy here in PNG as an incentive for Papua New Guineans to access health services, we can also learn from other countries in how they respond to incentives.

Take for instance, the case of the Baby Bonus in Australia.

 In the decade of 2004 and 2014, the Australian Government made payments to parents of for every baby born. These payments were known as the ‘baby bonus’. The bonus ranged in value of $3,000 to $5,437 for every baby born. If Australia dollar is converted to PNG kina, the baby bonus of $3,000 (K7,350) to $5,437 (K13,320) for every baby born.

In May 2004, the Treasurer, Peter Costello, announced that the payment of for every child born would only happen after July 1.

We can see here that Australians began to delay the birth date of their child to coincide with the Government’s planned baby bonus!

This is just one of multiple examples of how incentives can work to influence people’s behaviour.

A loss for Manus

Ah sore…Dr. Gabriel Kulwaum…a loss for Manus! He did his PhD at the University of Queensland with his thesis titled ‘Problems of devolution in Papua New Guinea education’ in 1995. I remember when I was in high school at ECOM, he was a dedicated school Board Chairman.

One day he came to school and found that the students in one class were making a lot of noise and he went in to investigate. He found that the teacher had just left to find buai/smoke at the nearly village. Dr. Kulwaum quickly took his vehicle, went to the village and literally chased the teacher back to the classroom.
When students faced disciplinary actions during weekends he would interrupt the school assembly on Monday morning and lecture the whole student body: ‘hamaspla haus yu buildim pinis na yu laik marit? Hamaspla kanu yu sapim pinis na yu laik wokim family? Hamas spia botol yu stretim pinis na yu laik pait? Hamaspla saman blo kanu yu pasim pinis na yu tok yu man?’

I salute you for the fact that you impacted the lives of Manusians for so long in so many areas of their social and cultural wellbeing. My sincere condolences to his family.

Domestic Violence in PNG

So many women are dying and have died of domestic violence in this country. Those who are posting on social media, please keep on posting and talking about it so that this issue becomes part of our everyday discussion. Too many times, it is ignored and kept out of public discussion.

I believe domestic violence is a systematic problem nationwide and therefore needs a systematic approach towards solving or reducing the problem and this needs to start at the top – political leaders. Political leaders as a group, wield great power including the political will to change something in their favour. If we have the political will to win, create and bankroll the South Pacific Games and the APEC meetings, then why cant we for something that matters to our loved ones? Our hauslain? This 100% male parliament is not even close to hearing the cries of women. We need more women political leaders who, as a group, can change the momentum on the fight against domestic violence. This cannot happen in one go but over a number of years.

Come on women, 2022 is the year for change. Stand up, be counted and vote women into parliament! Imagine if 50% of parliament were women! Maski long votim ol man bikos nogat senis kamap na ol meri dai yet. Imagine the countless women who are in rural areas of PNG who face life like what this young lady went through everyday. We need a systematic change where relevant government agencies are adequately funded, legal systems and protocols for perpetrators are fasttracked, safe houses become the norm, hotlines are toll free, training for law enforcement, etc.

This fight needs political will to kickstart it. We have signed petitions, international conventions, ran campaigns etc. Inap! Sanapim wanpla meri lo komuniti blo yu, votim em lo 2022 na em bai go na rausim ol tambaran lo displa haus yah! Na yupla ol meri, inap lo votim ol man!! Displa pasin we igat 20 candidate na wanpla meri, maski votim ol man! Even if you dont like her, just block vote na yumi salim displa meri go lo Waigani! We need more firebrand Josephine Abaijahs and straight-shooting Carol Kidus! Come on, let us vote for change in 2022!

A wedding

What a privilege to attend a wedding!

Its not often that I get an official invitation to attend a wedding but today was different. I was invited by Jerome and Aloisa to attend their wedding.

The wedding took place at the DWU chapel.



The church was well set up and nicely decorated with the theme of red, pink and white.

I took Lordes as well and we went.

We arrived 10 minutes earlier than everybody. We met Professor Peter Anderson and then waited for everyone to turn up.

Inside the church, the place was amazing with bright colours, flower petals sprinkled on the floor, flowers placed neatly here and there, balloons, white sheets dangling from stands, a red carpet… was very nice!


Then the couple did their procession with their bridesmaid and the groomsmen. All were immaculately dressed – the ladies with pink and the guys with dark suits.

I don’t know why I got a bit misty eyed when they both read their vows….it just says so much about committing oneself to another person. It really is a powerful moment when one person says something so meaningful and profess their love to another person in front of a community. It really is.


Just as the event was getting more beautiful, Lordes said she was feeling cold and her hands trembled. I asked her if she was ok, she looked at me with worried eyes and I know something was not right. I led her outside the chapel. When we were outside, she asked me to carry her home.

When we arrived home, she was shivering profusely. I gave her some panadol and told her to lie down. She didnt have fever so I assumed the panadol would calm her down and I would go back to the wedding. After few minutes she was shivering but this time I became concerned. In that brief moment, I thanked God for giving me the right mindset to get her quickly to a health facility. Later on, after everything had worked out and I reflected back, I just knew that if I had not taken her to the hospital, she could have lost her life. It was that serious! I quickly called the ever reliable ‘Hilux’ and he quickly came and took us to the private clinic along Modilon road. When we arrived the service was really fast and efficient. Lordes’s temperature was 39. 4 degrees and they gave her arthemeter and christapen! It was malaria.

Now I look back and at that moment I had made the right decision in taking her very quickly to the health facility. It really could have been worse!According to Malaria Control handbook for Papua New Guinea, four out of every 10 outpatient visit to a health facility in PNG is a malaria case and around 600 people die annually from Malaria in PNG!

Anyway, my daugther and I missed a great wedding event at the chapel and the reception at the Madang Resort hotel.

A very big congratulations to Mr. and Mrs Semos!

Creating the ‘lesson activity’ on Moodle

When the COVID-19 situation came to the fore and lock down was declared, universities began to think about how they could continue teaching their students.
While there are various tools available to teachers, I found solace in the use of an activity tool that is found on Moodle. It is called the Lesson activity. I first did not know how to use this Moodle activity.

I had watched a video developed by fellow academic Mr. Bernard Yegiora which he shared on his youtube channel. Check out his blog here.

After viewing the video, I began practicing the outline of the lesson activity on Moodle. Eventually, I began to develop lessons for my final year students. One of the earliest lessons I learnt through the use of this Lesson activity is the importance of Lesson Planning. Lesson plans are a key aspect of a teaching strategy. The plan has a topic, learning objectives, list of materials, specific time frames for each section, subtopics, review activities and exercises. I consider doing the lesson plan as much more of a difficult thing to do than developing the actual Lesson Activity on Moodle. So much time is spent on creating content for your students, placing yourself in their shoes, thinking about baby steps they can do in your lesson before moving onto the much complex areas of your topic. At the end when the lesson plan is done, you get excited as you now begin to transfer what is on the lesson plan onto the Lesson Activity on Moodle.
This image below shows the Lesson activity being implemented. As you can see, the lesson has subtopics with a menu and each topic is displayed in the center. 

Students have go read and go through each page. You have to click a link to go to the next page. They do that until they reach the last page and the lesson ends. Once a student reaches the end of the lesson, you get a notification of that student’s completion.
I found that after developing the lesson, I could post it on Moodle and let the students go through the lesson pages at their own time. Thus I found that if you designed the lesson properly, you could develop it as a self paced activity for the student. This means that students can do it at their own time and pace during the week. You could also assess students through the lesson activity too if you wanted.
One of the better characteristics of the Moodle lesson is that one could develop review questions after each subtopic. For example you could develop Multiple Choice Questions or True/False questions as well. This enables the students to answer the question, get back the answers and continue through the lesson.

After developing some of the lessons during the lockdown period, I decided that I could help other academics learn about this activity as well.
I ran two sessions for staff members from my faculty (Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences) and both sessions took roughly around two hours.

It was hectic and draining after each session but I got through it and was blessed to pass on the little knowledge I had to others. I guess this is part of fulfilling the Divine Word University theme for this year 2020: ‘It is in giving to we receive’. 

Someone asked me about why I was so intent on running the sessions for my colleagues as they had the internet to ‘self learn’. I said that my belief is that by sharing, I help my fellow colleagues improve the way they teach. In this way, the academics, as a group, progress and move forward. For example, if I was only one person with a skill like this and didn’t share, it helps no-one, because it creates a burden for myself as no one else will understand how to improve or find better ways for that particular skill I have. That is how I feel about sharing knowledge like this. Let me explain this in another way. If you are a fisherman from a fishing village and you develop a new technique on how to catch fish better, you have to share this new knowledge with other fisherman. You may keep your new technique a secret and catch more fish than everyone but soon or later when you get into trouble or get stuck with your new fishing method, nobody will know how to help you because you are the only one who knows how to help yourself get out…hahahahaha!

Anyway, if you ever get to use Moodle as a learning management system in your organisation or school, try this activity as it will help you greatly. One thing that I have seen is that though it is really hard work to develop the lesson plan for your Moodle lesson activity, in the long run it makes you, as an academic, become efficient with time so you can do other things like research, administrative tasks and even have time for family too.

Before I get out of here, I’s like to say that, an event has forced us to change how we have been doing things. We must embrace the change, find the good in it, adapt to the changing times and help others climb up as well.

Em tasol!

Bright new days ahead

Sometimes we forget that when the sun rises in the morning sky, God paints the air with magical colours to wish us brighter days ahead. When I woke up this morning and walked around the campus, the air was so crisp, light and so breathtaking.

Enjoy these photos!!

Using the eTrex 20x in rural PNG


Its not too often that one gets to experience the use of technology in the way we do things in this beautiful country of ours – PNG.

In many parts of PNG, knowing one’s land border is not only essential but also important for one’s family’s survival and livelihood. Knowing where land mark starts, who shares your land border, user rights, ownership and resources available at your disposal, brings you peace of mind as well.

My father always talked about land borders when family meet because, unlike land borders in the cities or towns, where land markers easily identifiable, in the bush, you just have to associate landmarks with oral history. Sometimes a landmark might become overgrown with bush or you might loose your orientation deep in the forest.

I decided to help my father use a Global Positioning System device to try mark land area so that I could have a exact land map that can be viewed on a computer, its’ topography measured and featured measured.


I used the eTrex 20, one of Garmin’s array of GPS devices. I bought the GPS on Ebay, had to shipped over to PNG, then travelled home, walked around the land, collected data and then tried to formulate a map of the land online. Its still a work in progress.

The ETrex 20 has a 2.2 inch display, has an internal memory and microSD cards slot as well. It can produce a map, uses a compass and can plot your movement as you walk highlighting stops at points and how long you stopped at a point on the ground. It tracks your speed on the ground whether by foot or bicycle. It also lists elevation which I found interesting! To help power it up, it uses two Alkaline AA batteries.


As you begin walking, you can then click on the thumb-stick each time to mark the points on your land border. The flags on the map on screen indicate the actual point in degrees. These represent the actual position along the longitude and latitude lines that mark positions around the globe.

Here is a good video that explains longitude and latitude.

During the evening, I checked one of the options which was to identify with satellites the GPS device would read from. Here was what I saw